The first thing that speaks about Jaipur history is Amber fort. The principal tourist attraction, Amber fort, is situated 11 kilometres away from the centre of the pink city. Amber is a small town with four square kilometres area under Jaipur. It was the ancient citadel of the ruling Kachhawa clan of Amber, before the capital was shifted in the plains to present day Jaipur. if there is any place demonstrating the beauty and junction of both Hindu and Mughal customs and architect; it has to be Amber fort. Constructed by Raja Man Singh I in 1952 and completed by Sawai Jai Singh I the fort is built in red sandstone and white marble. The four level layouts with each carrying courtyard is the most appealing and inviting enclosure of this symmetrical fort. The four courtyards are:
First courtyard is the main entrance to the palace grounds. Near to the fort’s Ganesh Gate, temple dedicated to Sila Devi is perceived at the entrance of the palace of Amber which is near to the fort’s Ganesh Gate. Sila Devi is goddess of Chaitanya beliefs which was presented to Maharaja Man Singh after defeating Maharaja of Jessore, Bengal.
Second courtyard is up the main stairway of the first level courtyard consist of Diwan-i-Aam (hall of public audience). Diwan-i-aam consists of 27 colonnades, each mounted with elephant capital which includes galleries above it.
Ganesh Gate is the pole which was named after Hindu lord Ganesha is entitled as the entrance to the private palace of the Maharajas. It includes the three level structure which leads to the private quarters of the royal family which was built by Mirza Raja Jai Singh named as Diwan-i-Khaas (or the hall of private audience). Above the gate, was the Suhag Mandir, from where the females of the royal family used to watch the functions which used to held in Diwan-i-aam(or the hall of public audience)
Amer Fort, Jaipur
1 to 2 hours
October and March
8 Am To 5 Pm Daily
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